Date Published: February 16th, 2015

A lesson for leaders of all works of life to learn the golden rule: “Leadership is a process of learning, not the position. Leaders are learners, and it is a continued process of learning to achieve organizational goals and objectives, and for career advancement.”

Breaking News Egypt court orders release of Al Jazeera staff ahead of next hearing!

An Egyptian court has ordered the release of detained Al Jazeera journalists Baher Mohamed and Mohamed Fahmy on bail. The retrial was ordered by the country's Court of Cassation last month, overturning a lower court that found them guilty of helping the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.

The Australian television journalist Peter Grease, jailed for more than a year on politicized charges about the content of his work in Egypt was released from Jail on February 1st 2015, but his other two colleagues were not released until Thursday February 12th, 2015.

Question: Was this an honest mistake or lack of common sense by this leader, from the military barracks, the highest in rank by sabotaging in military career by being involved in politics? Read my full article below, and read various press, media, and magazine reporting on this issue and situation with this leader to compare with my article, and answer the question truthfully and honestly, stating your comments and ratings on my article.

My answer to the question is a lack of common sense, (failure to learn a lesson from others).

By: James A. Koroma, CMA, etc. Send me email at You can find me and read more of articles written on LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter and Google Plus G+. You can connect with on me on social media. You can find my websites on social media or, go to and

A lesson for leaders of all works of life to learn the golden rule: “Leadership is a process of learning, not the position. Leaders are learners, and it is a continued process of learning to achieve organizational goals and objectives, and for career advancement.”

On October 16th, 2014, I wrote an article and letter in good faith to the U.N. Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon, and copies were sent to other international organization leaders, the press, and the media, asking the U.N. Secretary General and other international organization leaders to intervene into Aljazeera’s three journalists issue of being held behind bars in Egypt and to asked the Egyptian president and government to release the three journalists, to respect the freedom of press, human rights, and stop the abuse of power. Journalism is not a crime, it is meant to inform and educate people and society in general around the world. In my previous article I warned President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, for caution in Egypt, and reminded him that Egypt has a history of defiance of leadership, that article is stated here in part:

“Here is another example of leaders who failed to listen, and in the same Egypt, over thousands of years ago. Pharaoh didn’t listen to Moses, when God the Almighty sent Moses to deliver the Israelites from slavery, Pharaoh didn’t listen when Moses said to him, God said: “Let my people go,” not even after his nation was hit with ten catastrophic plagues. Does this meant that history is about to repeat again in the same Egypt? Once again, in good faith, and most respectfully, I urge the Egyptian leaders to listen to the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, and High Commissioner for Human rights Navi Pillay’s concerns expressed about the detention of the three Al Jazeera journalists and release them and the others. Also to listen to the United States President Barack Obama and United Kingdom Prime Minister David Cameroon’s concerns, calls, and appeals for the release of the journalists, other international organizations and the people of Egypt’s mass demonstrations held calling for the release of the journalists.” He failed to listen. When leaders continue to fail to listen to the voices of their people, it becomes a serious mistake, and what makes it more critical is when they give deaf ears and turn blind eyes to their colleagues and the international communities and organizations. 

You can find the full article I wrote on October 16th, 2014 by finding me on social media and on my website online:, date posted on site being November 1st, 2014.

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi’s leadership in Egypt is a dictatorship and destructive. Organizational and management study on leaders discovered this type of leader is known as “Toxic” leaders. Toxic leaders are “Bad leaders” and are very destructive. They do have poisonous effects that can cause serious harm to their organizations, followers and situation. Their destructive behaviors as characteristic are too many in a sense to list, but here are some of them: (1) They manipulate and weaken others. (2) Violate the basic standards of human rights of individuals, groups of others and even their own supporters. (3) Consciously feeding their followers illusions that enhance the leader’s power and impairs the followers’ capacity to act independently – persuading followers that they are the only one who can save them or the organization. (4) Ignoring or promoting incompetence, cronyism, and corruption. (5) Identifying scapegoats and inciting others to castigate them. You will learn more about Toxic leaders as you continue reading this article, or find out more about them, and compare with the behavior of the Egyptian people’s leader. Seeing the situation in Egypt and the behavior of the leader compared with my experience of toxic leaders and their destructive pattern of behaviors that can destroy organizations, lives of others because of conflicts of interest.

When he overthrew Morsi and jailed him, he released Hosni Mubarak from prison and placed him under house arrest, and recently put him on trial setting him free as the court ruled that Mubarak was found not guilty on any of the charges he was accused, and even Mubarak’s two sons that were serving jail sentences like their father were released and set free, followed by another angry mass demonstration by the Egyptian people. One can imagine what situation this leader is intending to develop in Egypt apart from its total destruction. I would not be surprised to hear that the hearing set on February 23rd, 2015 for the journalists’ retrial is adjourned for another court date, a delaying tactic to get away with what he has done when he took power by force on July 3rd, 2013 to date, less than 2 years ago, with thousands of Egyptians being executed under his leadership. This dictator and toxic leader won’t step down, regardless of the cry of the people, unless force through interventions by the international community and the bringing of charges of crime against humanity can hope to stop him. Any delay by the U.N. to step into Egypt’s issues and situation to set up an interim government that the U.N. would work on modality to have a proper government in Egypt; I foresee another revolution in Egypt.

The Egyptian president and his government are in a stage of failing. Here are some of the reasons for the failure:

His promises and plans of actions to work with the people, political reform, stop further bloodshed, economic reform, peace, security and stability in the country.  But it’s not seen in the eyes of the Egyptian people and around the world.

A plan of action that has not since been developed and implemented and has led to chaos and more unrest in Egypt under President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi’s leadership, and has raised questions about his leadership and his administrations’ credibility and what the future holds for Egypt and its people under his leadership.

President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi’s leadership and administration shift from the action plan due to their conflict of interest instead of the interest of the people and the country, now is being questioned and challenged by the Egyptian people and others from around the world because of the leader’s and administration’s conflict of interest over ambition of power, the failure and continued defiance of not listening to the voices of the Egyptian people expressing their concerns among other issues such as the call for political reform, peace, the stopping of human rights abuse including: the large number of Egyptians in life sentences in jail, majority being politicians and university students, with an estimated number of over 43, 000 in 2014, which has likely exceeded that figure by now, and 183 people on the death execution list according to sources of press released. President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi’s determination not to release any of the journalists, and to discouraged any person who would have love to speak with him and ask for clemency even if the journalists were guilty in what they were being accused of, was reported on June 24th, 2014 in an article press release by Alan Cowbell of The New York Times: “Egypt’s Leader Says He Won’t Intervene in Case of Jailed Journalists.” Click on link: below to read the full text of press released:

According to a law passed late last year, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi — who as military chief overthrew Morsi amid popular protests against the Islamist leader's year long rule -has the power to deport foreign defendants or convicts if it is considered to be in the interest of national security. The law was seen as providing a potential legal instrument with which to free the journalists.

President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi now stated differently lately: “El-Sisi had repeatedly said he wants to end the case, which has prompted a storm of international criticism.” According to the Grand Island Independent press reported Wednesday February 4th, 2015.

Performance Management Problems-Lack of political experience and leadership characteristics not limited to: Honesty, Forward-looking, Inspiring, Competent, Trust, Ethics, Integrity, Credibility, Listening, and Problem Solving skills.

The question in general is in regards to the press released on Wednesday February 4th, 2015 by Egyptian President el-Sisi stating repeatedly that he wants to end the case. Question: Why didn’t he do so earlier? That was an intention to an action that he never did until recently due to a storm of international criticism. Undoubtedly, his integrity is questionable, and as the Egyptian people has done.

Hence his integrity was a pronouncement of his intention; it is not the expectation that any reasonable person would have liked to see. Integrity is an exhibited action, and not pronouncement of intention. Such leaders are not credible, not trustworthy, unreliable, and undependable. Leaders who are slow or delay in taking positive actions on matters of problem solving, be it in a business – corporation and/or, politics can cause destruction of the organization, business/corporation, government, nation, society, and can lead to his/her own administration’s failure. Also, justice delayed is justice denied. What President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has stated lately could be a pretext of hiding the truth, and that is delaying the release of the journalists, meaning keeping the journalists in jail, to punish them, and use the three journalists as an example, as well as sending a clear message to all journalists and their organizations around the world to tell them to keep their mouths shut in the future, which is an act of threatening, intimidating, and depriving journalists’ freedom and liberty of the press and media, movement, and as well as a signal to all journalists around the world be it a press or media, that Egypt is off-limit under his leadership and administration, regardless of the voices of the Egyptian people, and appeals around the world including from colleagues in politics, international organizations like the U.N., Human Rights, etc.

However, the pressure on him and his administration to release the journalists came from many angles around the world, and continuous calls to release the journalists including: the Australian government and the Canadian government for their nationals, and also journalist organizations around the world and current colleagues also pressured the Egyptian leader and his government, and he himself acknowledged the pressure of a storm of international criticism, which fostered the release of one journalist, Peter Greste, on February 1st, 2015, according to press release and media outlets. In my view and opinion based on my perspective, the rallying of journalists and their organizations around the world for the release of their colleagues, was a counter message to the Egyptian leader and his administration, they understood the message of the specific intent of President el-Sisi and his government to deter journalists from doing their job. However, despite the specific intent, they as journalists stand firm and united beyond their profession and organizations, and they believe that no one would deter them from being journalists, because journalism is not a crime, but meant to inform and educate people about issues and situations around the world.

Very likely the journalists and organizations around the world are waiting for the release of the other two journalists, and the outcome of the retrial to pursue legal actions against the Egyptian leader his government for the unlawful detention of the three journalists, that could be considered as crimes against humanity, including those alleged and pending executions according to sources and some reports. Very likely the burden of proof and hearing would be in an international court of law like the International criminal court-ICC, that sits in the Hague–Netherland, the international court that has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, and more. The international court that is intended to complement existing national judicial systems and it may therefore only exercise its jurisdiction when certain conditions are met, such as when national courts are unwilling or unable to prosecute criminals or when the united or individual states refer investigations to the to the court. Based on the jurisdiction of ICC, I strongly believe that the court would be the appropriate court of law that would have to hold hearings to the complaints of the three journalists, and the number of people executed in less that two years since President el-Sisi took power on July 3rd, 2014.

No doubt that the three journalists would be backed and supported by all international organizations of journalism to receive justice. It would be a long process that would be in the hands of their organization’s lawyers as the organizations all have lawyers nationally and internationally as I am sought to believe. One can imagine if it is proven that President el-Sisi violated the human rights law by mistreatment his own people, such as unjust executions if he can do so with impunity. Report stated: “The number of detainees since the July 3rd, military coup in Egypt now exceeds 41,000; the report adds that 299 students have been killed since the coup, including 19 killed on campus. This is considered the highest number of political detainees in modern Egyptian history, the article stated, adding that the number is expected to rise with the escalation of crackdown by the military-led authorities”.

Evidence of leadership and organizational management failure – Performance Evaluations

In my article and letter to the U.N. Secretary General, on October 16th, 2014, written in good faith, I warned for caution from my perspective based on management, organizational, and leadership behavior research study, and the wave of corporate scandals spectacular organizational failures including government failures. My experience in management and organizational theories study and the approach on – Unethical, CEO & Managing Director behavior, politician behavior, organizational terrorism, workplace grievances, workplace violence, and the study of the dark side of leadership. The signs of destructive leaders and dysfunctional organizations were observed in Egypt from my management experience. The effects of damages by destructive leaders on organizations are very serious especially if the leaders are like: “Toxic Leaders.” Toxic leaders are bad, and destructive to their companies, organizations and/or, government. In good faith I warned in my article for caution and to take immediate actions to correct situations to avoid further unrest, destructions of properties, loss of lives, a gloomy and sinking economy and failure of leadership and government which we still continue to see in Egypt today. The signs of destructive and dysfunctional organizations were foreseeable due to the complex issues and situations in Egypt.

However, other management study researchers discovered that even highly productive leaders have some toxic qualities central to their success story. Toxic leaders are not just viewed as bad leaders and liabilities to an organization, but can also be considered as potential assets, innovators, and rebels. This argument is that there are models on the advantages to be gained from skillful anticipation, control, and the handling of troubled and difficult leaders, despite in contrast to dysfunctional organizations which seem to ignore toxicity, but address the destructive side and impact of toxic leaders. Successful companies also develop resourceful, innovative strategies for turning seemingly deficits into opportunities. Egypt’s situation can be perceived on the other hand as a toxic leadership in developing. However, useful resources and innovative strategies can be used to change the toxic leader’s behavior developing in Egypt if he would be willing to change his behavior.

The model and innovative strategies would only work, if the toxic leader is willing and accepts the fundamental principles of leadership study that includes: “Leadership is a process of learning and not the position.” Leaders are learners, and it is a continuous learning process.” The leader must be credible, worthy of trust, and ethical, competent and honest to state a few. But the majority of problems today in leaderships around the world, is the problem of “conflict of interest,” mistrust, unethical practice and these are destructive and are powerful weapon that can collapse the most successful business, organizations, the most powerful leaders in any works of life, government, relationships, and can destabilize nations, a cause for “wars,” a cause for “sanctions”  that can destroy most thriving economy and leads to a gloomy and sinking global economy, collapse of international trade,  a shrink on export and import in market trade, fall of currency and/or money values, that can even look like toilet paper as we are seeing from this  fallen world that some countries’ money have no value compared with the standard drawing rights (SDR). The behavior and understanding of toxic leaders is critical. A toxic leader is a person who has responsibility over a group of people and/or an organization, and who abuses the leader-follower relationship by leaving the group or organization in a worse-off condition than when he/she first found the organization.

Toxic leaders manipulate, mistreat, weaken, and ultimately devastate their followers. It is important to recognize these leaders before it is too late, either in companies, businesses, or in politics. There are many toxic leaders around the world, and many are the causes for more organizations’ dysfunctions, destructions, and the cause of collapses of some nations. Example: Saddam Hussein and Muammar Gaddafi were among the most toxic political leaders who held positions in office for years not withstanding countless opposition around the world. Saddam Hussein’s toxic leadership and administration was forcefully brought down by U.S. military intervention in Iraq, and despite his fall, the people’s hope of rebuilding their nation and economy has become hopeless as there are no signs of peace, security, and stability in the country and region, in fact the country’s situation in more worsen and more dangerous than ever before with countless suicide bombings, sect fighting, and the killing of innocent people/civilians, most of whom are children and women. The situation in Libya is pretty much the same as in Iraq. Looking at the situation in Egypt as its continues to the develop in the same pattern and trend as those past events in Iraq and Libya, both were military coups that brought Saddam Hussein and Muammar Gaddafi into power.

Here again comes another toxic leadership, Adel Fattah el-Sisi and his administration in Egypt through a military coup, and another failure to the people’s desires and hopes for peace, security, and economic devolvement. Undoubtedly, he is in for another destruction of a country and its people. One would have expected him to have learned a lesson by experience from the mistakes of his colleagues like Saddam Hussein and Muammar Gaddafi, showing a clear example, that military leaders’ politics should not be their ambition, when attempted, most of them end up being a failure, and paid the price of it by death. Conclusively, one would say he lacks common sense to the way he has acted and what has he had done, and very likely he too will pay the price for those he may have executed innocently if he is investigated and proven guilty of those crimes in my view and as I sough to believe according to international law.

Looking at the complex issues and situations of development, signs of a gloomy and bleak future  in Egypt based on my perspective, in good faith, I would like to advice the Egyptian leader to rethink and accept facts truthfully that he has made mistakes in stepping into this situation, and because of lack of common sense and his delay to address the Egyptian people’s problems such as: peace, security, stability in the entire country, economic and political reform for a true and fair election and give the people of Egypt their rights to choose their president and administration to lead them, and he should return to the military barracks where I strongly believe that he belongs. I imagine his achievement and rank in the military would perhaps do better than in politics, which should have not have been his ambition to have stage a coup in the first place, and having place thousands of politicians and ordinary people in jail, most on life sentences, according to sources of report. The ability, knowledge, and courage to lead civilians – a whole nation, the experience required cannot be achieved overnight. The fundamental principles of leadership study states clearly that leadership is a process of learning, and not the position.

Leadership is everywhere, and everybody’s business. Leadership is in the eyes of the people, it is they that perceive you as a leader based on you behavior, character, performances and results. True leaders are learners, and it is a continuous process of learning to be successful. True and good leaders learn a lesson of good and bad mistakes from other leaders, and avoid repeating those bad mistakes, but use the good performances of other leaders as foundations, references and do more better or greater than what other leaders have done for the nation in the context of politics, and you the leader must model honesty to produce honest followers (administrations) to be successful. But if you the leader models dishonesty, such as mistrust, unethical practice, lack of integrity, etc, you the leader would hardly produce honest followers, and you would be a failure to the people. In the light of the foregoing based on facts, I would advice the leadership of President el-Sisi in good faith, if he loves his people, his country and has compassion, which should have been his concern, being his people and his country’s interest at all times and not his and his colleagues’ own personal ambitions, he should immediately seek consultations with United Nations – UN secretariat/administrations to provide a team of experts to immediately set a timetable for free and immediate elections, conducting and supervision of true and fair general elections that will return to the civilian rule of the people, and as soon as a new head of the country is elected, President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi should hand over power and return to the military barracks if he so pleases, because military leaders who seized power by staging coups, are hardly willing to return the government over to civilian rule unless force is used by the international communities.
In business, politics and all works of life, performance evaluations are necessary tools for leaders and organizations to see how effective, efficient and productive the leader and staff are performing their jobs, and in general the performance and evaluation of all employees are necessary in performing their functions and labor input to the organization’s continued growth. Performance evaluation or appraisal serves as a measure to show where needs for improvement are necessary or needed. Failing to measure performance to see positive/negative results of employees can destroy organizations and leadership. In politics, the symptoms of dysfunctional leadership and organizations are seen by the actions of the people, such as massive demonstrations, calls for leadership resignations or stepping down and relinquishing of power. Failure to address the people’s issues or concerns, and in a timely manner all would lead to frequent unrest in the country as we have seen and continue seeing in Egypt as an example, though not only in Egypt, but quite commonly around this fallen world today due to destructive leaders and their organizations.

You can find more on this article and many more I have written on LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, and on my website at I am a business and management consultant and at the moment I am in the process of business restructuring.

Posted by: James A. Koroma, CMA. MBA. BSc. AIB. AMA.